Wednesday, December 15, 2010

Young Historians 12/15/10 Bombs/Origamia Cranes1945 Timeline

Dear Young Historians:

On December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, the United States naval base. This resulted in the United States entering the war in both Europe and the Pacific. On August 6,1945, the US dropped the first Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Japan. This led to the end of the war.

The use of this bomb, also lead to the development of cancer in people who were near the blast. One of the victims was Sadako, an 11-year-old girl. She tried to make 1,000 origami cranes to help her recover from leukemia. An ancient Japanese story says that if you fold 1,000 cranes, you will be granted a wish. She died before completing the project, so her friends finished it for her. Today, there is a monument to her at the Hiroshima War Memorial in Japan. The crane is now the international peace symbol.

To honor the season and “peace on earth, good will to man,” we will learn how to make origami cranes today.

Origami Crane Direction

Sadako Movie

1945 Timeline
• President Franklin Roosevelt dies
• First computer built
• Germans Surrender
• Allies discover Nazi extermination camps.
• Hitler commits suicide
• Churchill, Truman and Stalin hold the last wartime conference at Potsdam
• Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan and Yemen form the Arab League
• Microwave oven invented
• Slinky hits toy shelves
• United Nations Founded
• US Drops Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Books: “Animal Farm” by George Orwell; Newberry Winner: Rabbit Hill by Robert Lawson; Caldecott Winner: Prayer for a Child, illustrated by Elizabeth Orton Jones; text: Rachel Field

Music: Bebop begins with a recording by Charlie “Bird” Parker and Dizzy Gillespie

Movies: “Anchors Aweigh” Blondie: Life with Blondie; Abbott and Costello in Hollywood.

Songs: Sentimental Journey Doris Day; La Vie En Rose Edith Piaf; On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe Johnny Mercer

Tuesday, December 14, 2010

Young HIstorians-Milkweed/Morse Code/ WWII/1944

December 1, 2010

Dear Young Historians:

We didn’t have a chance to try Morse Code, a way of sending messages, the last time we met. Today we will try it using flashlights and rapping on tables to send “coded” messages. We will also be learning why school children during WWII collected milkweed pods.

Because so much of the war was over the ocean, there was a need for life vests. Kapok was what would have been used for the vests. However, the Japanese kept the USA from getting it. The floss of the milkweed floats the same way Kapok did. The children of Cavendish helped the war effort by collecting the pods

1944 Timeline
• Ballpoint Pens Go on Sale
• D Day
• Paris liberated
• Hitler Escapes Assassination attempt
• Oswald Avery determines that DNA is the hereditary material of the cell
• Roosevelt re elected for a 4th term as president
• The G.I. Bill of Rights is stabled to provide assistance to war veterans
• The World Bank is established to assist European postwar recovery.

Music: Appalachian Spring by Aaron Copland

Movies: National Velvet, Arsenic and Old Lace

Books: “The Razor’s Edge by Somerset Maugham; "Gigi" by Colette; Newberry Winner: Johnny Tremain by Esther Forbes; Caldecott Winner: Many Moons, illustrated by Louis Slobodkin; text: James Thurber

Songs: Don’t Fence Me In Bing Crosby and the Andrew Sisters; Swinging on a Star Bing Crosby