Wednesday, February 10, 2010

Young Historians: Valentine's/1935

Valentine’s Day was a fun time for students in Cavendish during the 1930s. Each student made or bought a card for all of the other students in school. Cards were placed in a large box and given out on Valentine’s Day. It was a lot of fun to make the cards.

Today we will be making a special Valentine basket. We will also decorate cookies, which you can put in the basket. Go to for the directions for the heart basket. This year, the Necco Company has made changes to the hearts. They have all new sayings as well as new flavors. The candy is also softer. Learn more about this Valentine treat at

Conversation Heart candies, Sweethearts, were very popular. “Be Mine” and other sayings were on the first candies made in 1902.

We are now up to 1935 in our history timeline. President Roosevelt signed the bill for the Rural Electrification Project, which made it possible for all parts of the country to have electricity. However, it was the 1940s and in some cases the 1950’s before all of Cavendish had electricity.

1935 History Timeline

Books: Butterfield 8 by John O’Hara; Tortilla Flat by John Steinbeck

Films: Mutiny on the Bounty; Bride of Frankenstein; A Midsummer Night’s Dream; A Night at the Opera featuring the Marx Brothers

Songs: Cheek to Cheek; It’s a Sin to Tell a Lie; Puttin’ on Your Top Hat; Lullaby of Broadway; Unemployment Stomp; Red Sails in the Sunset

• Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California
• Drought Relief Service is formed to coordinate relief efforts in the Dust Bowl states.

• Detective Leonard Keeler demonstrates the Keeler polygraph, known as the lie detector machine

• President Roosevelt purchases first Savings Bond
• New York state allows blood types to be used in court cases
• The Academy Awards includes a special award for Shirley Temple

• The Rural Electrification Administration is established. This made it possible for many parts of rural Cavendish to have electricity in the 1940s.
• The U.S. Department of Agriculture is established
• The first round the world telephone conversation takes place
• Flash Gordon, a science fiction radio program starring Gale Gordon begins on Radio
• Works Progress Administration (WPA) formed
• Black Sunday (April 14), the worst “black blizzard” of the Dust Bowl

• Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies play the first major league nigh baseball game at Crosley Field, Cincinnati Ohio
• Earthquake in Quetta India kills approximately 50,000 people

• Babe Ruth retires from professional baseball with 714 home runs, 5,973 bases and a .342 batting average
• France’s ship the S.S. Normandie breaks speed record by crossing the Atlantic in 107 hours, 33 minutes

• The National Labor Relations Board is formed to prevent unfair labor practices

• Social Security Act creates old age retirement insurance and a federal payroll tax
• The Wealth Act Tax Act is signed by President Roosevelt, which increases income tax rates for wealthy Americans.
• Benny Goodman, the “King of Swing,” opens at the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles

• President Roosevelt dedicates the Boulder Dam
• A major hurricane kills hundreds in the Florida keys
• “Popeye the Sailor” a radio program based on the comic strip begins on NBC radio.

• George and Ira Gershwin’s musical, Porgy and Bess, opens on Broadway
• Religious leaders discourage Americans not to participate in the Berlin Olympics

• Jay Berwanger, a Chicago halfback, is named first Heisman Trophy Winner
• Nazi government revokes German citizenship of Jews.
• United States makes the Philippines a commonwealth
• The Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) is formed to help workers in the steel, auto and rubber industries

• Detroit Lions defeat the New York Giants in the NFL Championship
• Experts estimate 850,000,000 tons of topsoil have blown off the Southern Plains during the year.

To learn more about 1935 go to

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