Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Young Historians: Ivory Soap/1948

James N. Gamble invented ivory Soap in 1879, in England. During the 1940’s, this soap was brought to the school children of Cavendish. They were shown how it floated and cleaned better than other soaps of that time. It wasn’t long before most of the homes in Cavendish were using Ivory.

Today we will be doing what a number of the school kids did with the soap given to them to take home-carve it. We’ll also learn why it floats.

Thanks to the Rural Electrification Act, signed by Roosevelt in the 1930’s, many farms were wired for electricity during the 1940’s. By 1950, nearly all homes had electricity.

When you look at the 1948 timeline below, note how popular TV was becoming. Cavendish didn’t get its first TV set until after 1954. On September 26 of that year, WCAX-TV became the first television station in Vermont. The Museum has one of the first TV sets in Cavendish.

Time Line for 1948
• Berlin Airlift
• “Big Bang” theory formulated
• Truman becomes President
• Gandhi Assassinated
• Apartheid begins in South Africa
• State of Israel founded.
• Executive Order 9981 ended segregation in the United State military
• Candid Camera appears on television
• NBC-TV airs its first nightly newscast “The Camel Newsreel Theater.”
• A televised concert by NBC was conducted by Arturo Toscanini
• The first television guide, called “TV Forecast,” was published. It became the basis of TV Guide, which is still published today.
“The Texaco Star Theater” made its debut on NBC-TV with Milton Berle as host.
• The Frisbee invented
Movies: The Red Shoes
Books: Newberry Award: The Twenty-One Balloons by William Pène du Bois ; Caldecott Award: White Snow, Bright Snow, illustrated by Roger Duvoisin; text: Alvin Tresselt
Songs: I’m Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover Art Mooney; Buttons and Bows Dinah Shore; I’ve Got My Love to Keep Me Warm Les Brown; All I want for Christmas is my Two Front Teeth by Spike Jones

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